All that you need to know about APNIC transfer, merger, acquisition, and takeover policy
APNIC recognizes that there are various scenarios where the transfer of IPv4 resources may occur:
When buying APNIC IPv4 address space, the transfer process involves the transfer of address blocks between LIRs (Local Internet Registries). These transfers are accurately recorded in the APNIC Whois Database to ensure network integrity and provide an up-to-date record of address distribution.
Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) are established under the authority of IANA and serve large geographical regions. Their primary responsibility is to manage, distribute, and register public Internet address space within their respective regions. The five RIRs currently in operation are AfriNIC, APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, and the RIPE NCC.
A Local Internet Registry (LIR) typically refers to an Internet Service Provider (ISP) that can assign address space to its own network infrastructure and its customers, including downstream ISPs that further allocate addresses to their own customers.
In a resource transfer, the source refers to the organization that holds the resources before the transfer, and it must be a current APNIC account holder if it is within the APNIC region. If the source is from another RIR region, it must be equivalent to the “source” as defined by that RIR.
The recipient in a resource transfer is the organization that becomes the legitimate holder of the resources after the transfer is completed. If the recipient is within the APNIC region, it must be a current APNIC account holder. For recipients from other RIR regions, they must meet the equivalent criteria defined by that RIR.
Current resources are Internet resources registered by APNIC under explicit policies and agreements. These resources encompass public IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, and Autonomous System numbers.
I need IPv4 address space and I’m looking for a source
Submit a Recipient request at Interlir.com
I have IPv4 address space that I want to transfer and I’m looking for a recipient
Verify your registration information is accurate Find an IPv4 Recipient at Interlir.com
I need IPv4 address space and I already have a Source confirmed
Obtain IPv4 pre-approval Find an IPv4 Source Submit a Recipient request at Interlir.com
I have IPv4 address space that I want to transfer and I already have a Recipient confirmed
Verify your registration information is accurate Submit an Source request at Interlir.com
38 europer /24
Regional Internet industryRIRs are authorized by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) to serve and represent large geographical regions. Their main responsibility is to manage, distribute, and register public Internet address space within their respective regions. Currently, there are five RIRs globally: AfriNIC, APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, and the RIPE NCC.
Local Internet Registry (LIR)LIRs are typically Internet Service Providers (ISPs) that have the authority to assign address space to their own network infrastructure and the users of their network services. LIRs may also have downstream ISPs as their customers, who further allocate addresses to their own customers.
SourceThe source refers to the organization that is the legitimate holder of the resources before the transfer takes place. If the source is within the APNIC region, they must be a current APNIC account holder. For sources from other RIR regions, they must meet the equivalent requirements set by that particular RIR.
RecipientThe recipient is the organization that becomes the legitimate holder of the resources after the transfer is completed. If the recipient is within the APNIC region, they must be a current APNIC account holder. For recipients from other RIR regions, they must meet the equivalent criteria defined by their respective RIR.
Current IPv4 resourcesCurrent resources are Internet resources, such as public IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, and Autonomous System Numbers (ASN), that are registered by APNIC under specific policies and agreements.
Historical IPv4 resourcesHistorical resources refer to Internet resources that were registered under early registry policies without formal agreements.
InterRIR IPv4 address and ASN transferAPNIC recognizes inter-RIR transfers of IPv4 addresses and ASNs only when the counterpart RIR has an inter-RIR transfer policy allowing the transfer of those resources between APNIC and its own region.
The resource should be under the management of the RIR at which the transfer source holds an account and the authentic holder of the resource should match with the source without any disputes.
The conditions on the source of the transfer will be defined by the RIR where the source organization holds an account.
The conditions on the recipient of the transfer will be defined by the RIR where the recipient organization holds an account.
If an LIR holding current APNIC resources ceases to provide Internet connectivity services, all of its current resources (this includes IPv4, IPv6 and AS numbers) must be returned to APNIC. It is the responsibility of the LIR (or any liquidator or administrator appointed to wind up the member’s business) to advise all of its customers that address space will be returned to APNIC, and that renumbering into new address space will be necessary. In the case that a new LIR takes over the business or infrastructure of the closed LIR, the existing address space may be transferred to the new LIR, however such a transfer is subject to re-examination by APNIC and may be treated as a new address request process.
Following ownership change of an LIR, APNIC will review the status of any allocations that are held by the new entity or entities, with regard to the practical effect on their infrastructures. If the practical effect of ownership change is that the infrastructures are merged, then APNIC will not continue to make separate allocations to both. This situation will invalidate the membership agreement of the LIR that is effectively subsumed. When assessing the status of allocations, APNIC requires full disclosure of all address space held by all of the entities in question. If full disclosure is not made, then APNIC will consider any allocations to be invalid and will require that they be returned.
If an LIR changes ownership then the new entity should advise APNIC of the change. APNIC membership is not transferable from one entity to another; however, if the effect of the ownership change is that the LIR becomes a subsidiary of another entity, and the infrastructures of the respective entities remain fully independent, then the membership agreement may continue.
If an LIR changes ownership (due to a merger, sale, or takeover), then the new entity must register any changes to its network usage and contact personnel. If the effect of the ownership change is that the LIR changes name, then the LIR must provide to APNIC relevant legal documentation supporting the name change.
All resources transferred under this policy are subject to the provisions of all normal address management policies. In particular, future address requests from the member must document the use of transferred resources as a part of the member’s current resource holdings. For more information on transferring historical resources, please see Guide to the transfer of historical Internet resources.
All transfers of historical resources to current APNIC account holders made under this policy are recognized and registered by APNIC. APNIC does not require any technical review or approval of the resource’s current use to approve the transfer. In addition, APNIC does not review any agreements between the parties to a transfer and does not exert any control over the type of agreement between the parties.
Alexei Krylov Nikiforov
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